Liposuction is a very common and popular procedure. It is designed for the permanent removal of fatty tissue, which can accumulate in the jowl and neck area. It is an elective procedure that allows the surgeon to remove undesirable, subcutaneous fat in isolated areas that do not respond to diet and exercise.
Liposuction is most successful in people with good skin tone who have fatty deposits. It is not a treatment for obesity. The procedure can be repeated if necessary.
A variety of factors can affect the results: Physical condition, genetic makeup, diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol intake and skin elasticity.
Facial contours made irregular by fat can be improved by this procedure; it cannot correct contours that are irregular for other reasons, such as muscle weakness or bony irregularities. However, combined with other procedures, facial liposuction can correct these other deformities with good results.
Facial liposuction can be done under IV sedation or general anesthesia on an outpatient basis. The surgeon makes small (less than 2 inches), discreet incisions near the areas to be treated. A small canula is inserted through the incision and sterile liquid is injected to facilitate the fat removal. Suction is applied and the fat is removed from the designated areas.
Recovery from facial liposuction is relatively easy. Expect some swelling and possibly some bruising in the next week. You will need to wear a special garment to apply pressure, minimize swelling and provide support while healing. This garment also assists in the retraction of skin. The stitches will be removed in one week.
Results are recognizable almost immediately and will continue to improve as swelling subsides. The day after surgery you should be up walking around. Increase your activity daily until full activity is resumed at 2-4 weeks. You will be ready to return to office work in 3-5 days and more active employment at 1O-14 days. Avoid the sun until all bruising has subsided. A sunscreen should be used routinely; it is easy to get sunburned during recovery because of decreased sensation.
The results of liposuction are permanent. If you were to gain a large amount of weight you might note rippling in the treated areas, depending on your skin elasticity.
Possible complications: As with any surgical procedure, complications can occur. Cosmetic complications include contour irregularities, skin discoloration, asymmetry, scar tissue and collection of blood or fluid under the skin. Uncommon complications include loss of sensation, skin breakdown or serious infection.